We know that outdoor projects can be both exciting and overwhelming. In an effort to help you through your next hardscape task, please refer to this Glossary of Terms to clarify any questions. Don’t see what you’re looking for? Give us a call, 541-345-9085.

Arris LineThe angle, corner or edge produced by the meeting of two stones.
Ashlar MasonryStone masonry with finely dressed stones laid in cement, or lime mortar. Stone is generally rectangular in shape of various sizes. All joints are regular, thin and have uniform thickness.
Coursed AshlarAshlar masonry laid in courses of equal height. Different courses shall be permitted to be of varying height.
Random Coursed AshlarAshlar masonry laid in courses of varying thickness.
Random AshlarAshlar set with stones of varying length and height so that neither vertical or horizontal joints are continuous.
Band CourseContinuous horizontal course with gauged, consistent rise.
Bed FaceInstalling a stone in a vertical wall the natural bed exposed.
Bed JointA horizontal joint between stones commonly filled with mortar or caulk sealant.
Belt CourseA continuous horizontal course, making a division in the wall plane.
Block QuarryA quarry that contains a sound, natural deposit of natural building stones where nature allows the harvest of stone blocks.
Bush HammerFinish applied to cut stone by a bush hammer tool to create a decorative dimpled appearance.
ChinkingThe method of filling large mortar joints in stone veneer with small chips or slivers of stone.
ChiselA steel tool used to “dress” or “trim” stone, available in steel or carbide tipped.
CourseA continuous horizontal band of constant height.
Cut StoneFinished, dimensional stone, ready to set in place.
DepthMeasurement of a piece of stone from front to back.
Dimensioned StoneStone precut and shaped to specified sizes (“cut stone”)
DressedThe cutting and shaping of rough chunks of stone, done by hand chiseling to create a square, rectangular, or finished desired shape.
DrystackHorizontal pattern of stone installed “tight” to allow a very narrow bed joint. Joints are raked back into stone work as to be undetectable.
Hand TracerSteel chisel tool with two beveled edges to make a sharp bladed end used for hand dressing, available in steel and carbide tipped.
Hand ChipperTool with one beveled face and flat back to form a sharp bladed end used to produce a rockface finish, available in steel and carbide.
Hand RipperTool with saw-toothed end for tooling and dressing stone faces.
Hand SetTool with two beveled edges to form a ¼” flat head bladed end, used for intense hand dressing.
JointThe space between stone units, usually filled with mortar, sealant or epoxy.
Ledge Bed QuarryA quarry that by nature allows the harvesting of natural stone by peeling off the natural layers.
LengthMeasurement of the face of a particular piece of stone from left end to right end.
Natural BedThe horizontal stratification of stone as it was formed in the natural stone deposit.
PitchThe technique used by striking a smooth edge of stone with appropriate tools to create a rough, convex appearance.
Quarry PitThe location of a stone quarrying operation where a natural deposit of stone is removed from the ground where it lays.
Quarry RunThe condition of stone that is not sorted but instead naturally selected to a natural range of size, color and shape.
RiseMeasurement of the face of a particular piece of stone from top to bottom.
RockfaceSimilar to a split face, except the face is “pitched” to a given arris line, producing a bold, convex appearance.
Rubble StoneA blend of stone that is naturally or mechanically broken or split, to make up a particular random pattern, but holding a reasonably consistent joint.
RusticSee “Weatheredge”.
Seam FaceA stone that exposes a surface that is taken from a quarry seam.
Soldier CourseA horizontal course of vertically laid stone.
SplitterHydraulic machine/equipment used to split natural stone.
Tapestry FinishA finish applied to stone by a sandblasting wand at a consistent PSI.
Thin VeneerVeneer stone that is saw cut to a 1-1/2” wall depth from front to back, leaving a sawn back side and an intended finish face. Installed on a vertical wall without a support ledge.
Tumbled StoneStone that is mechanically tumbled to create a worn and distressed finish.
VeneerA layer of natural building stone facing material used to cover a wall.
WeatheredgeA stone surface that is naturally created by the combination of natural pressure and mineral staining.